Last edited by Malajora
Sunday, April 19, 2020 | History

1 edition of Ethylene oxide worker safety issues found in the catalog.

Ethylene oxide worker safety issues

Ethylene oxide worker safety issues

proceedings of the educational seminar, Hyatt Regency O"Hare, Chicago, Illinois, October 4-5, 1982

by

  • 78 Want to read
  • 17 Currently reading

Published by Health Industry Manufacturers Association in Washington, D.C. (1030 15th St., N.W., Suite 1100, Washington 20005) .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Ethylene oxide -- Toxicology -- Congresses.,
  • Ethylene oxide -- Safety measures -- Congresses.

  • Edition Notes

    Statementedited by James F. Jorkasky.
    SeriesHIMA report ;, no. 82-2
    ContributionsJorkasky, James F., Health Industry Manufacturers Association., Ethylene Oxide Industry Council (U.S.), Ethylene Oxide Worker Safety Seminar (1982 : Chicago, Ill.)
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsRA1242.E72 E85 1982
    The Physical Object
    Paginationxiii, 237 p. :
    Number of Pages237
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL3268037M
    LC Control Number83189727

    Sustainability Principles. Sterigenics is committed to promoting sustainability programs. Our facilities, people, and their families work, play, and live in communities across the planet. Within their communities, they make a positive impact across a range of interests and issues. Our people are diverse. Our social and community causes are diverse.   Ethylene oxide (“EtO”), one of the most widely used and effective substances for sterilizing medical products and devices, has come under . High concentration Hydrogen Peroxide is used in aseptic packaging, which is an essential part of delivering a safe food product to the public. Use of this hazardous chemical in large quantities and high concentration means that it is essential to manage any worker health and safety issues that may arise related to the use of this chemical.


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Ethylene oxide worker safety issues Download PDF EPUB FB2

As a part of the chemical industry’s responsible management of its products, the Ethylene Oxide Panel Ethylene Oxide Safety Task Group (STG), a group comprised of producers and industrial users, developed the Ethylene Oxide Product Stewardship Manual – 3rd edition.

Many workers are unaware of the potential hazards in their work environment, which makes them more vulnerable to injury. The following references aid in recognizing and evaluating ethylene oxide hazards in the workplace.

OSHA Fact Sheet, (). Answers common questions regarding ethylene oxide. Ethylene Oxide (EtO): Evidence of Carcinogenicity. Ethylene oxide (C₂H₄O) is a flammable gas with a somewhat sweet odor. Exposure to ethylene oxide may cause headache, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, breathing difficulty, drowsiness, weakness, exhaustion, eye and skin burns, frostbite, and reproductive effects.

Workers may be harmed from exposure to ethylene oxide. How is ethylene oxide regulated for worker safety and air emissions. For workers in or near facilities where ethylene oxide gas is present, the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) has set exposure limits.

In addition, employers must provide protective clothing and equipment to employees who may be exposed to ethylene Size: KB.

DOW ethylene oxide (EO) is a colorless, flammable, reactive material with a somewhat sweet, ether-like odor.1 See Product Description. Ethylene oxide is usually stored and/or transported as a liquid under pressure. It is used in the production of ethylene glycol and other oxide derivatives such as glycol ethers.

The Occupational Safety and Health Administration’s (OSHA) ethylene oxide standard requires employers where ethylene oxide is present in the workplace to monitor employee exposure.

Under OSHA’s ethylene oxide standard, employers must provide appropriate protective clothing and equipment to employees who may be exposed to ethylene oxide. Ethylene oxide (EtO) is produced in large volumes and is primarily used as an intermediate in the production of several industrial chemicals, the most notable of which is ethylene glycol.

It is also used as a fumigant in certain agricultural products and as a sterilant for medical equipment and supplies. Ethylene Oxide. Hazard Summary. The major use of ethylene oxide is as a chemical intermediate in the manufacture of ethylene glycol.

Ethylene oxide is also used as a sterilizing agent for medical equipment and a fumigating agent for spices. The acute (short-term) effects of ethylene oxide in humans consist mainly of central nervous. Many similar safety incidents occur in ethylene plants throughout the world. While these should be well known to plant operators, our paper lists these more common safety.

Ethylene Oxide Section 2. Hazards identification Prevention:Obtain special instructions before use. Do not handle until all safety precautions have been read and understood. Wear protective gloves. Wear eye or face protection. Wear protective clothing. Keep away from heat, hot surfaces, sparks, Ethylene oxide worker safety issues book flames and other ignition sources.

No smoking. Ethylene Oxide is on the Right to Know Hazardous Substance List because it is cited by OSHA, ACGIH, DOT, NIOSH, NTP, DEP, IARC, NFPA and EPA. This chemical is on the Special Health Hazard Substance List.

SEE GLOSSARY ON PAGE 5. exposures may cause a build FIRST AID Eye Contact Immediately flush with large amounts of water for at least 30File Size: KB. It is used primarily to produce other chemicals, including antifreeze.

In smaller amounts, ethylene oxide is used as a pesticide and a sterilizing agent. The ability of ethylene oxide to damage DNA makes it an effective sterilizing agent but also accounts for its cancer-causing activity. How are people exposed to ethylene oxide.

Product Safety Assessment: Ethylene Revised: July 1, Product Uses1,4 Ethylene is primarily used as a reactive monomer (chemical building block) make polyethylene and as an intermediate in the production of other organic compounds, such as ethylene dichloride and ethylene oxide.

Products produced from ethylene are used to. The National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) recommends that average workplace air should contain less than ppm ethylene oxide averaged over a hour workday, hour workweek.

The federal recommendations have been updated as of July Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). Toxicological. Ethylene oxide sterilization is an important sterilization method that manufacturers widely use to keep medical devices safe.

Learn more about sterilization methods in the Submission and Review of Sterility Information in Premarket Notification ( (k)) Submissions for Devices Labeled as Sterile Guidance (PDF - kb). To aid in the safe and effective use of ethylene oxide as a sterilant, AAMI will release ANSI/AAMI ST, Ethylene oxide sterilization in health care facilities: Safety and effectiveness in the coming weeks.

This standard is intended to promote sterility assurance, help minimize occupational exposure to EO, and guide healthcare personnel in the proper use of processing : Joe Bremner.

Ethylene Oxide, Mustard Gas and other organics, and to accelerate the ripening of fruits. REASON FOR CITATION * Ethylene is on the Hazardous Substance List because it is cited by ACGIH, DOT, DEP, NFPA and EPA.

* This chemical is on the Special Health Hazard Substance List because it is FLAMMABLE and REACTIVE. * Definitions are provided on page Size: KB.

Ethylene oxide (EtO) is a flammable, colourless gas or liquid that has a sweet odour. The odour threshold is very high – if it can be smelled, it is already well beyond toxic levels. EtO can sometimes be confused with ether, a common and far less dangerous solvent. At room temperature, EtO is usually a gas.

Under 10 degrees Celsius, it can exist as a liquid. In Lees' Loss Prevention in the Process Industries (Fourth Edition), Ethylene Oxide. Ethylene oxide is the subject of the Guidelines for Bulk Handling of Ethylene Oxide (CIA, RC14) (the CIA Ethylene Oxide Guidelines), the earlier Code of Practice for Chemicals with Major Hazards: Ethylene Oxide by the Chemical Industry Safety and Health Council (CIHSC, /1) (the Ethylene.

Ethylene Oxide Safety. 29 CFR Subpart Z. Ethylene Oxide(EtO) Bureau of Workers’ Compensation. PA Training for Health & Safety (PATHS) This presentation deals with safety issues related to those exposed to Ethylene Oxide (EtO).

Cited are relevant sections of 29 CFRSubpart Z dealing with Ethylene Oxide exposure. 3 1. TITLE 5 2. PURPOSE 6 3. SCOPE AND APPLICATION 7 4. DEFINITIONS 8 5. RESPONSIBILITIES 10 Employers 10 Employees In collaboration with other state/regional agencies as necessary, such as California Occupational Safety and Health Administration, recommend to facilities that treat ethylene oxide backvent emissions with oxidizing emissions control devices to evaluate current process controls and install appropriate safeguards, such as: Real-time chamber and/or effluent concentration monitoring connected.

Ethylene Oxide Ethylene oxide is a gas used for sterilization of medical equipment and has been implicated as a cause of an axonal polyneuropathy in medical personnel and hospital sterilizer workers. ¥ a water-ethylene oxide mixture with a water to ethylene oxide ratio of less than is flammable, ¥ violent polymerization of ethylene oxide can occur, releasing heat, and ¥ water is an acceptable fluid to deluge ethylene oxide vapors with, but adding water to pools of liquid ethylene oxide will cause more vapors to be released (Celanese.

Ethylene oxide is a flammable gas with a somewhat sweet odor. It dissolves easily in ne oxide is a man-made chemical that is used primarily to make ethylene glycol (a chemical used to make antifreeze and polyester).

A small amount (less than 1%) is used to control insects in some stored agricultural products and a very small amount is used in hospitals to sterilize medical. Orris first encountered ethylene oxide when he was a regional medical officer for the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health.

In the s, he Author: Brenda Goodman, MA. Ethylene Oxide Health And Safety Update Background Ethylene oxide (chemical formula C 2 H 4 O) is a fumigant fungicide and insecticide that has been used to sterilize hospital instruments, fumigate some imported foods, and in museums, to fumigate books and archival materials, furs, textiles and furniture.

In recent years, ethylene. Ethylene Oxide Industry Council (U.S.); Ethylene Oxide Worker Safety Seminar,( Chicago, Ill.) Title(s): Ethylene oxide worker safety issues: proceedings of the educational seminar, Hyatt Regency O'Hare, Chicago, Illinois, October/ edited by James F.

Jorkasky. Ethylene oxide (EtO) is a flammable, colorless gas at temperatures above ºF ( ºC) that smells like ether at toxic levels. EtO is found in the production of solvents, antifreeze, textiles, detergents, adhesives, polyurethane foam, and pharmaceuticals.

Ethylene oxide is an organic compound (with the formula C2H4O). According to the Occupational Safety & Health Administration (OSHA), ethylene oxide (EtO) is produced in large volumes and is. Carboxide™ gas, which is 10 percent ethylene oxide in carbon dioxide, was obtained from Linde Specialty Gases, a division of Union Carbide Company.

The fine wood pulp book paper used in this study is Springhill™ Offset paper, which had been obtained one year prior to its use from the International Paper Company as a single roll from which 8.

The number of parties suing medical supply sterilization company Sterigenics on claims that its ethylene oxide gas emissions caused serious health problems grew to.

Members recently launched the Bipartisan Congressional Task Force on Ethylene Oxide, a task force to consider future improvements to EtO regulation. This Task Force has requested that EPA issue a proposed rule for commercial sterilizers by the end of February [v] Worker Safety.

Recommendations and links to the worker notification program and other publications. Chlorine. Chlorine [PDF] A guide to testing, limits, and injury prevention, with links to more information. Chlorine (NIOSH) A web page full of links to resources on chlorine safety. Ethylene Oxide. Analysis. Ethylene oxide in air can be determined by packed column gas chromatography (GC) with an electron capture detector (ECD) (NIOSH Method ), with an estimated limit of detection of 1 µg ethylene oxide per sample (National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, ).A similar method is reported by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration in the USA (Tucker.

In recent months, several medical device sterilization plants have been forced to shut down among rising concerns that ethylene oxide, a chemical used to sterilize more than half of the country's. OSHA Issues Additional Respirator Guidance for Healthcare. Last week, the Department of Labor released additional interim enforcement guidance.

Ethylene oxide treatment is generally carried out between 30 °C and 60 °C with relative humidity above 30% and a gas concentration between and mg/l. Typically, the process lasts for several hours.

Ethylene oxide is highly effective, as it penetrates all porous materials, and it can penetrate through some plastic materials and films. Ethylene oxide is a flammable liquid having a normal boiling temperature below room temperature.

Describe a system and a procedure for transferring ethylene oxide from a tank car through a pumping system to a storage tank. Include both inerting and purging as well as bonding and grounding procedures. CAA regulations covering ethylene oxide, and the status of our efforts to review those regulations.

In addition, we provide an update on area-specific outreach activities. The NATA, released in Augustidentified potentially elevated health risks from ethylene oxide exposure in the air in a number of census tracts across the country. Ethylene oxide, called oxirane by IUPAC, is an organic compound with the formula C 2 H 4 is a cyclic ether and the simplest epoxide: a three-membered ring consisting of one oxygen atom and two carbon ne oxide is a colorless and flammable gas with a faintly sweet odor.

Because it is a strained ring, ethylene oxide easily participates in a number of addition reactions that Abbreviations: EO, EtO.Ethylene oxide is a colorless, highly reactive gas at room temperature and pressure. Almost all of ethylene oxide produced is used in the manufacture of ethylene glycol, but some amount is used as a sterilant for health care materials and other heat-sensitive products.

Ethylene oxide is an alkylating agent and forms protein and DNA adducts.According to the federal Occupational Safety and Health Administration, acute exposures to ethylene oxide also may result in respiratory and lung problems, headache, nausea, vomiting, shortness of.